types of anesthesia for oral surgery

If you need dental work, you may be concerned about the pain associated with the procedure. Fortunately, most dental procedures incorporate anesthesia for pain relief. Here’s what you need to know about the various types of anesthesia for oral surgery.

Local Anesthesia

Local anesthesia refers to numbing medication that is injected at the procedure site. It is used for cavities and other minor procedures, as well as in conjunction with other types of anesthesia as needed. The dentist will swab the area to be injected with a topical numbing agent before giving the needle.


Sedation Dentistry

Those who have anxiety about spending time in the dentist’s chair can seek a practice that offers sedation dentistry. Depending on the type of work that needs to be done, your dentist will use the appropriate level of anesthesia. Common options include:

  • Minimal sedation means that you are conscious but calm and relaxed. This type of anesthesia can be in the form of nitrous oxide administered through a gas mask or an oral medication such as Valium.
  • Moderate sedation, sometimes called conscious sedation, means that you will be awake but groggy and likely won’t recall the procedure. This type of sedation can be administered orally or intravenously.
  • Deep sedation, also known as general anesthesia, is used for major oral surgery. You will be completely unconscious and will not remember the procedure. Like moderate sedation, this type of sedation can be given through an IV or oral medication.

Minimal sedation is appropriate even for minor procedures for those who are very anxious about visiting the dentist. It can also be used for children and those with a low pain threshold or sensitive gag reflex.


Take Care of Your Dental Needs

If you need a new local dentist and/or have postponed your dental work because of fear and anxiety, make an appointment at one of Summit Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery’s convenient Michigan locations. We offer conscious sedation and use a patient-centered approach designed to promote relaxation.