Wisdom Teeth Basics

wisdom teeth extractionPeople develop three sets of teeth during their lives. The first set develop sometime before the first birthday. These are called primary teeth, and they give way to the permanent set around age six or seven in most cases.

Adults also develop a third set of molars in the late teens and early adulthood. These are the wisdom teeth, which get their nickname from the phase of life during which they arrive. People typically develop four wisdom teeth, two on the top and two on the bottom in the back of the mouth.

Problems Commonly Associated with Wisdom Teeth

Dentists often recommend wisdom tooth extraction in Rochester, Michigan when teeth are impacted. If you have enough room in your mouth the development of third molars might not pose any issues. However, most people lack the space to accommodate four extra teeth, which leads to impaction.

An impacted tooth can come in at an odd angle, or even sideways. It can also push other teeth out of the way to cause crowding or misalignment. These potential problems lead to many dentists recommending removal even when there are no issues present. There’s a chance that problems will develop down the line, and at that point it will be more difficult to remove the third molars because the roots will be fully developed.

When Wisdom Teeth Must Be Removed

Impacted teeth are often painful. They also increase the risk of gum disease and tooth decay, as they make brushing and flossing more difficult when there are smaller spaces between crowded teeth. Crooked and misaligned teeth are a cosmetic issue, but they also affect the function of teeth. For example, misaligned teeth can result in uneven wear, which causes sensitivity to certain teeth.

Cysts can also develop around impacted teeth without wisdom tooth removal. Without intervention by a wisdom teeth extraction specialist in Rochester, Michigan, these cysts may also develop into tumors or growths. Impacted molars increase the risk of infection as well. With a serious infection, there’s also a chance that it will spread into surrounding tissues, including the jaw bone.

What to Expect During the Procedure

Wisdom teeth extraction in Rochester Hills, Michigan is very common and more patients experience little discomfort during the procedure. The area around the tooth is numbed before the surgery begins. You also have the option of being sedated during the procedure. Third molars are then surgically removed using specials tools and the surgical site is sutured. You may need to return to have the stitches removed, or they may dissolve on their own. Your oral surgeon will provide specific instructions on how to care for your teeth immediately following the surgery.

Complications and Risks

While extraction is safe and effective, like all other surgeries it also entails some risks. Dry socket is a common yet easily treated complication that occurs when a blood clot fails to form at the surgical site. In this case, you will be provided medication to treat the dry socket. There’s also a risk of nerve damage during the surgery, but this complication is rare. A skilled oral surgeon will make sure the procedure is performed with your health and safety in mind.

What to Expect During Recovery

You’ll need a ride home from our tooth extraction clinic in Rochester Hills, MI, the day of the procedure since you’ll be unable to drive until the effects of the sedative have worn off. You’ll experience a bit of pain and swelling, which is normal. Most patients can control it with over-the-counter pain relievers and ice packs.

A soft diet is recommended for the first few days. Focus on high protein foods, such as yogurt, and smoothies made from fruits and vegetables. Don’t drink liquids through a straw, as this can increase the risk of a dry socket developing. If you smoke, you should refrain for at least a few days after the surgery.

You can brush and floss your teeth the same day as the surgery, just be careful around the surgical site. You can also begin a saltwater rinse regimen the day after your surgery. Rinse gently, especially around the affected tooth or teeth.

Wisdom Tooth Removal in Rochester Hills, MI

If you require wisdom tooth removal in Rochester Hills, Michigan, contact Summit OMS today. Our specialists are here to help and are available to answer any questions you may have.